Another Wicked Way-back Wednesday….a 17th century bill of fare for the month of August. Notice – Neither a hot dog nor hamburger to be see; no ice cream or gelato or potato salad or ketchup or Popsicle, but it does start with melons ….. but after that it’s a little more unfamiliar.
A Bill of Fare for August.
All cantaloupes are musk melons, but not all musk melons are cantaloupes
1 Scotch collops of Veal.(COLLUPS: slices of meat, such as bacon. Randle Holme defines Scotch or Scots collups as thin, salted slices of mutton or beef, broiled and served with vinegar and butter. (Richard Bradley, 1736) Prospect Books: Glossery (this is the address – it doesn’t want to link for me – https://prospectbooks.co.uk/glossary/c)
2 Boil’d Breast of Mutton.
3 A Fricase of Pigeons.
4 A stewed Calves head.
Tête-à-tête de veau.
Credits: L. John Harris zester 2011
5 Four Goslings.(baby geese)
6 Four Caponets.(baby capons – which are rooster with their boy bits removed)
A Second Course.
1 Dotterel twelve, six larded
Dotterals – these could be the six larded…or not
2 Tarts Royal of Fruit.
An ear of wheat – not the wheat ear he means
Wheatear – yet another tiny, tasty bird
4 A Pye of Heath-Pouts.
5 Marinate Smelts.
6 Gammon of Bacon.
Cockles (French, not necessarily the same as East Sussex)
Jan Davidsz de Heen Still-life with Fruit and Ham 1648 – In my minds eye this is Robert May’s August table
Robert May, that is, another Bill Of Fare from The Accomplist Cook , 1677 for Wicked WayBack Wednesday….notice how this is a little heavy on the meat, and VERY light on the salad/veggie side of things. I’ve added a few notes for clarity
A bill of Fare for June.
1 A shoulder of mutton hasht
2 A Chine of Beef.
3 Pasty of Venison, a cold Hash.
4 A Leg of Mutton roast.
5 Four Turkey Chickens.
6 A Steak Pye.
A Second Course.
1 Jane or Kid.
Goat – Meat Milk Cheese -Bruce Weinstein and Mark Scarbrough – all you need to know once you get your goat!
Northern Shovler Anas clypeata
4 Sweet-bread Pye.
Sweetbreads are the thymus and/or pancreas of cows or sheep
5 Olines, or pewit.
The Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus) is one bird also known as a peewit
Passenger Pigeons were the most common pigeon in North America….until 100 years ago….